PURPOSE OF MOSAIC LAW
What Is The Mosaic Law?
The Mosaic Law is the Ten Commandments. The Law was given on Mt. Sanai, but the law entered the world through the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. The book of Romans says that the Jews had the law. The Gentiles without the law were a law unto themselves with the law written on their hearts. The Jews and Gentiles are both guilty of breaking commandments. The book of Romans says that we are without excuse.
The Law of Moses was only the shadow of good Things to come (Colossians 2:17; Hebrews 10:1).
Jesus Christ fulfilled every word of the law (Matthew 5:17, 18; Luke 24:44).
The law through weakness could not:
1. bring about justification (Acts 13:39)
2. produce righteousness (Galatians 2:21)
3. produce life (Galatians 3:21)
4. bring about perfection (Hebrews 7:19)
5. free the conscience from a knowledge of sin (Hebrews 10:1-4)
Romans 8:3-8 says, What the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. Those that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit.
For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God.
Here are some scriptures that talk about the law being fulfilled in Christ. Jesus establishes righteousness through His obedience freeing all who believe by faith.
The law becomes powerless or inactive to judge believers:
- The law is abolished (2 Corinthians 3:6-13; Ephesians 2:15)
- Christ is the end of the law (Romans 10:4)
- It was the ministration of death, done away (2 Corinthians 3:7)
- Jesus took away the first that He might establish the second (Hebrews 10:5-9)
- It was nailed to the cross (Colossians 2:14-16)
- Those who had been under it had been delivered from it (Romans 7:6)
- They were dead to it (Romans 7:4)
- They were not under the law, but under grace (Romans 6:14)
- They were no longer under the schoolmaster (Galatians 3:24,25)
- They were not required to serve the law (Acts 15:1-24; Galatians 3:19)
- The Christian who sought justification under the law had fallen from grace (Galatians 5:4)
The law is no longer active for believers, because Jesus satisfied the righteous requirements of the Law. We fulfill it requirements in Jesus. Those that seek to be justified by the law will be judged as lawbreakers under the law. The natural man is under the law and the born again believer in the Spirit is under grace.
What is the purpose of the Law of Moses?
1.) The law of sin and death from Adam to Moses
The law entered the world when Adam ate the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. The knowledge of good and evil is the law. Adam was guilty when the law entered the world by eating the tree. From Adam to Moses death reigned without the Law of Moses.
2.) The Law of Moses
The Law came to show us sin. The Law is the knowledge of sin. The Law of Moses was added because of transgressions until the seed would come (Galatians 3:19). Jesus is the SEED in Galatians 3:16. Galatians 3:17-18 says what I am saying is this: the Law, which came four hundred and thirty years later, does not invalidate a covenant previously ratified by God, so as to nullify the promise.
For if the inheritance is based on law, it is no longer based on a promise; but God has granted it to Abraham by means of a promise. No one will be declared righteous by the law (Romans 3:20). Galatians 3:22-24 says that the Scripture has shut up everyone under sin, so that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe. But before faith came, we were kept in custody under the law, being shut up to the faith which was later to be revealed.
3.) The Law points to Jesus
Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, so that we may be justified by faith. Galatians 3:10-14 says for as many as are of the works of the Law are under a curse; for it is written, “CURSED IS EVERYONE WHO DOES NOT ABIDE BY ALL THINGS WRITTEN IN THE BOOK OF THE LAW, TO PERFORM THEM.”
Now that no one is justified by the Law before God is evident; for, “THE RIGHTEOUS MAN SHALL LIVE BY FAITH.” However, the Law is not of faith; on the contrary, “HE WHO PRACTICES THEM SHALL LIVE BY THEM.” Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us– for it is written, “CURSED IS EVERYONE WHO HANGS ON A TREE “– in order that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we would receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
Hebrews 6:13-14 says when God made his promise to Abraham, since there was no one greater for him to swear by, he swore by himself, saying, “I will surely bless you and give you many descendants.” Galatians 3:29 says that if you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise. Romans 4:14 says for if those who depend on the law are heirs, faith means nothing and the promise is worthless.
4.) We enter into the Law of the spirit of Life in Christ
When we are in Christ there is no condemnation. We are in the Law of the spirit in Christ in the spirit. Christ is the end of the Law. Christ fulfills the Law of Moses and we fulfill the Law in Christ.
What did Jesus say about the law?
Matthew 5:17 says, “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill.” Galatians 4:3-4 tells us that the way it was with us before Christ came. We were like children; we were slaves to the basic spiritual principles of this world.
But when the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the Law, so that He might redeem those who were under the Law, that we might receive the adoption as sons. Romans 8:3 says for what the law was powerless to do because it was weakened by the flesh, God did by sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh to be a sin offering. And so he condemned sin in the flesh.
Colossians 2:14-15 says that Jesus blotting out the handwriting of ordinances (The Law) that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross; And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it.
How do we know that Jesus fulfilled the whole law?
Luke 24:22-27, 45-49 says they went to the tomb early this morning but didn’t find his body. They came and told us that they had seen a vision of angels, who said he was alive. Then some of our companions went to the tomb and found it just as the women had said, but they did not see Jesus.” He said to them, “How foolish you are, and how slow to believe all that the prophets have spoken! Did not the Messiah have to suffer these things and then enter his glory?” And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself. He said to them, “This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms.” Then he opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures. He told them, “This is what is written: The Messiah will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, and repentance for the forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. You are witnesses of these things. I am going to send you what my Father has promised; but stay in the city until you have been clothed with power from on high.”
Hebrews 10:1 says that Jesus was the shadow of the good things to come in the Law. The shadow was the sacrifices, priesthood, types, and the pictures. It goes on to say but now we have the very substance of those shadows in Jesus. In the context of Hebrews 10:1 look at Hebrews 11:1 for its meaning. Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. Jesus is the substance of the shadow that was hoped for and Jesus is the evidence of the things that were not seen.
This is what it boils down to?
Hebrews 10 says wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me: In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure. Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God. Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law; Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first (Covenant), so that he may establish the second (Covenant).
Hebrews 8:7 says for if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion sought for a second. Jesus is a high priest according to the order of Melchizedek. A new priesthood signifies a new covenant. The death of a testator establishes a new covenant as well.
We receive a kingdom that cannot be shaken?
What does this mean? Mark 14:58 “We heard him say, ‘I will destroy this temple made with human hands and in three days will build another, not made with hands.'” 2 Corinthians 5:1 For we know that if the earthly tent we live in is destroyed, we have a building from God, an eternal house in heaven, not built by human hands. Hebrews 8:1-2 Now the main point in what has been said is this: we have such a high priest, who has taken His seat at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens, a minister in the sanctuary and in the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, not man.
Hebrews 9:1-18 says then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary. For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary. And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all; Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid roundabout with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant; And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercy seat; of which we cannot now speak particularly. Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God.
But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people: The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing: Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience; Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation. Redemption through His Blood But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building.
For Christ did not enter a sanctuary made with human hands that was only a copy of the true one; he entered heaven itself, now to appear for us in God’s presence.
Righteousness of God apart from the law
Romans 3:21-26 says but now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
Romans 3:27-31 says where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? Of works? Nay: but by the law of faith. Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law. Is he the God of the Jews only? Is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also: Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.
Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law. Do we abolish the law through faith? No? The children of God through the law of faith established or upheld the Mosaic Law through Jesus’ fulfillment on our behalf. We serve the law of faith.