What is ministry

Course XVI: What is ministry?

Class instruction:

Look at the video, read the content and answer the questions about the content.  You will receive a score upon completion.  It is not timed.  Answer at your own pace.

How To Know God’s Calling And Will?

The text shows that God sent the Son, and the Son sends us to testify of the finished work of Jesus. God calls upon whosoever to accept salvation from free will, calls us out of this world when we come to Jesus for spiritual life.  We become called out ones in Christ as a new creation and a spiritual race.  God calls us to service.  How To Know God’s Calling And Will?

I.) Father Sent The Son Into The World To Call Us Out Of The World

John 17 says, 

These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee: As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.  And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.  I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do. And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.

I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word. Now they have known that all things whatsoever thou hast given me are of thee.  For I have given unto them the words which thou gavest me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came out from thee, and they have believed that thou didst send me.  I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which thou hast given me; for they are thine. And all mine are thine, and thine are mine; and I am glorified in them.

And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to thee. Holy Father, keep through thine own name those whom thou hast given me, that they may be one, as we are.  While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that thou gavest me I have kept, and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be fulfilled.

And now come I to thee; and these things I speak in the world, that they might have my joy fulfilled in themselves.  I have given them thy word; and the world hath hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.  I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world, but that thou shouldest keep them from the evil.

They are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.  Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth.  As thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world. And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also might be sanctified through the truth. (KJV)

II.) Answering The Call

A.) Call Upon For Salvation

Romans 10:13 says, 

For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved. (KJV)

1.) “Kaleo” Call

2.) “Epi” Upon

B.) Call Out Of This World System Into Kingdom Of God

Colossians 1:13 says, 

Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son. (KJV)

Acts 26:18 says,

To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.  (KJV)

C.) Called Out Ones

I Corinthians 1:2 says,

Unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours. (KJV)

1.) “Kaleo” Call

2.) “Ek” Out Of

D.) Whosoever Is Called To Come

Romans 10:13 says,

III.) Call To Service

A.) Heavenly Calling

Hebrews 3:1 says,

Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus. (KJV)

B.) Holy Calling

I Timothy 1:9 says,

Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began. (KJV)

C.) High Calling

Philippians 3:14 says,

I press toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus. (KJV)

What is Ministry?

I.) Only Ministry Listed In The New Testament (Ministry Of Reconciliation)

II Corinthians 3:4-6 says,

And such trust have we through Christ to God-ward: Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves; but our sufficiency is of God; Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life. (KJV)

God made us able ministry of the Spirit and the sufficiency is of God.  The Greek word for sufficiency is “hikanos” which comes from the root Greek word “hiko”.  The Word for able is the same Greek word for sufficient.  This means to attain the end result of competency.  The context is stating that God makes us to attain the competency and qualifies us to be ministers.

II Corinthians 5:17-21 says, 

Wherefore henceforth know we no man after the flesh: yea, though we have known Christ after the flesh, yet now henceforth know we him no more.  Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.  And all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation; To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation.

Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ’s stead, be ye reconciled to God.  For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. (KJV)

The Greek word for new is “Kaine” which means new in quality.  Creature is the Greek word “ktisis” meaning to create what was not there before as out of nothing.

Bishop, Elder and deacon

The lesson shows that elders, deacons, shepherds and bishops are the same.  The called out ones in God can function or accomplish a task for the Lord as He wills at any time.  The term office is not in the New Testament.

I.) What offices are in the New Testament?

There is not a Greek word for offices in the New Testament.  The word is added into English translations, but is not found in the original language that it is translated from into English.

The word was added in Hebrews 7:3, 22; I Timothy 3:1; Luke 1:9.  Acts 1:20 uses the word office, but it is the Greek word “Episkopen” which means to look upon.  Romans 12:4 uses the English word office, but the Greek word means function or accomplish a deed, not office.

II.) Elder, Bishop Or Deacon

A.) What These Terms Mean In Greek

The three Greek terms: Episkope (Bishop), presbuteros (Elder), poimen (Shepherd) and diakonos (deacon) are synonymous terms.  They mean the same thing.

Presbytery (Translated in English to group of elders) It is critical to note that the term presbytery is used three times in the New Testament in Luke 22:66; Acts 22:5 and in I Timothy 4:14 translated in English to mean group of elders.  The Greek form of the word in these contexts is neuter singular referring to only one elder, not group of elders.

However the plural form is used in the New testament to refer to the Jewish Sanhedrin group.  There is not one single scripture to support presbytery as a group of elders in the New Testament that act as a council or decisions for the Called out ones in Christ.  There is a plural word used in Acts that talks about something being sent to elders that are functioning in cites.

The Greek word “Episkope” is the term that we see in English for Bishop or overseer.  The Greek word is two words, “”Epi” which means upon and “Skope” which means to Look.  Episkope is someone that will look upon the distribution of daily ministrations for believers in need in Acts.

The Greek word for “presbeteros” is the English term “Elder”.  The Greek word means old, but mostly expressed as spiritual maturity or experienced in Faith.

The Greek word for “diakonos” is the English word “Deacon”.  The term means servant that kicks up dust swiftly serving.

B.) History of The Elder, Bishop Or Deacon

Acts one starts with the Lord ascending into Heaven and 120 went into the room for the Holy Spirit.  The Apostles went door to door, synagogues and everywhere with the gospel.  The Lord was adding daily to the called out ones being saved.  The first mention of the choosing of deacons is in Acts 6.

Acts 6 says,

And in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplied, there arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the Hebrews, because their widows were neglected in the daily ministration.  Then the twelve called the multitude of the disciples unto them, and said, It is not reason that we should leave the word of God, and serve tables.  Wherefore, brethren, look ye out among you seven men of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business.  But we will give ourselves continually to prayer, and to the ministry of the word.  And the saying pleased the whole multitude: and they chose Stephen, a man full of faith and of the Holy Ghost, and Philip, and Prochorus, and Nicanor, and Timon, and Parmenas, and Nicolas a proselyte of Antioch: Whom they set before the apostles: and when they had prayed, they laid their hands on them. (KJV)

The Apostles did not want to leave to ministry of the word to serve tables for needs, so they told the believers to choose the deacons.  The English uses the word appoint, but the Greek means to stand down to go from a higher to lower state as in service.  They were to look for ones that bear witness of Jesus, full of the Spirit and wisdom Of God.

The first mention of elder for called out ones is in Acts 11:30.  Acts 14:23 states that they chose the elders out of called out ones.  The epistles are addressed to elder for called out ones in those cities.

The term episcope is mentioned in Acts 1:20 and in I Timothy 3.

C.) How Do They Function Biblically In Acts

The function of the episcope looks over the daily ministrations of the needs of the diakonos and the elder is someone that is mature in faith that feed little children like a shepherd.  The called out ones are ministers of reconciliation that can functions on a equal field as co laborers as one body, but many members in God.  It was changed to a hierarchy in 325 A.D. under Constantine. 

The first church building was built and Constantine created the offices of Bishop, elder and deacon for a salary.  The Roman hierarchy was changed to a church hierarchy system was established.  We continued that god of this world system hierarchy in church buildings after the reformation.

III.) Bishop and Deacon guidelines for living

I Timothy 3:1-5 says,

This is a true saying, If a man desire the office of a bishop, he desireth a good work.  A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach; Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous; One that ruleth well his own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity; (For if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care of the church of God?) (KJV)

Every Christian a Minister 1


Every Christian a Minister 2


There Are No Spiritual Gifts

The English states spiritual gifts, but the word gifts is not in the original Greek manuscript.  The English word was inserted there.  Therefore, the sentence actually reads: “I don’t want you to be ignorant about spirituals.”  Spirituals means the realm of the spirit.  The realm of the Spirit is accurate.  We have covered that gift is not in I Corinthians 12, but the Holy Spirit performs what is described in the rest of that chapter.

When Romans 12 uses the English word “gift”.  The English word “gift” is the Greek word “charis”.  The Greek word “charis” is defined as grace. Romans 12 is the workings of the Father.

When Ephesians 4 uses the English word “gift in Ephesians 4:7 it is referring to the person of Christ being the gift given.  When Ephesians 4:11 uses the word gift it is in the Aorist Indicative Active 3rd person in the original Greek.  The Word “He” is in the possessive pronoun 3rd person.  The accusative adds the article in front the of words describing the administrations and it refers back to the sender.  With the knowledge of the Greek describing the sentence in verse 11.

Here is how it reads word for word, and then we will state the sentence.  And He gave in the Greek refers to the sender stating And He is given confirming verse 7.  The English word “some” is the article “The”.  The English word “now” is “moreover”.

Ephesians 4:11 says,

“And Christ is given as indeed The Apostle moreover The Prophet moreover The Evangelist moreover The Pastor moreover and The Teacher.  There are not offices in the New Testament.  The word offices is used in the English three times, but is not in the original Greek language that we translated from to get the English Scriptures.  There is one ministry in the New Testament.  The ministry of reconciliation.

How do the graces work?

As members in Christ as His one body in the Spirit: God manifests graces of I Corinthians 12 by His Spirit.  The Lord performs the functions of Ephesians 4 through us of the Lord.  God’s working of Romans 12 through us. 

The emphasis is on God doing through individual members of His one body in the Spirit at any time as He wills.  Therefore, God can use us to any compacity that we allow Him to by faith.  Paul says, covet all the graces.

Why? God is performing them and He is not limited.  However, we limit God to work through us.  We think that He can’t.  The truth is that He qualifies us to be able ministers of the Spirit not of the letter of the Law.  For The letter kills, but the Spirit is life.

I.) Spiritual Functions, Manifestations And Workings

The English uses diversities of gifts, but the Greek means God’s choice to reach across to others through grace endowments.  The same Spirit does this through every member.  The Spirit manifestations are I Corinthians 12:8-10.  The diversities of workings, but the same God.  The same Lord does the Functions through every member.  The Lord’s spirit empowered service is in Ephesians 4:11. 

Recap of Ephesians 4 is Quoting from Psalm 68:18 saying that God is receiving mankind as the gift.  Ephesians 4:7 states that Christ is the gift and grace.  Ephesians 4:11 refers again to Psalm 68:18 stating I emphatically am the one given with these five administrations of service, then refers to perform them through members of the Lord’s body. 

It is not offices, but Christ doing the empowering service through the His body for equipping others in Him.  The Lord holds these titles as the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, good and ruler shepherd, went about evangelizing, Christ was in the prophets speaking things to come and Authoritative teacher that teaches us all things.

A.) Manifestations of the Spirit

I Corinthians 12:4-11 says,

For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit; To another faith by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit; To another the working of miracles; to another prophecy; to another discerning of spirits; to another divers kinds of tongues; to another the interpretation of tongues: But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as he will. (KJV)

B.) God empowered workings



Romans 12:4-8 says, 

For as we have many members in one body, and all members have not the same office: So we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another. Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith; Or ministry, let us wait on our ministering: or he that teacheth, on teaching; Or he that exhorteth, on exhortation: he that giveth, let him do it with simplicity; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness. (KJV)

C.) Lord’s functioning through us


Ephesians 4:4-11 says,

There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling; One Lord, one faith, one baptism, One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.  But unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ.  Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.  (Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth? He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.)  And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers.

Ephesians 4:11 is a critical text to dissect in the original language.  Here is a snippet of the interlinear Bible:


Remember Ephesians 4:7 says the gift is Christ that is given.  Lets define the Greek words for Ephesians 4:11.  I will show the English word and then the Greek meaning of the word. It is important to note that there is not one word that refers to a recipient in Ephesians 4:11.  The English word some is the word the.  Ephesians 4:11 Says,

And: And

He: He 

gave: gave (Aorist Indicative Active makes it one time thing in the past given referring to Christ as stated in earlier context)

some: the

indeed: indeed 

Apostles: The Apostle means to send away (apo: away stello: send It is always referring back to the one sending the sender is the focus.  Greek shows the noun is Accusative Masculine Plural: adds the Apostle as object of the subject He (Jesus).  It is Jesus the Apostle that is given.  The words before this say that Jesus fills all every member of the body)

some: the

moreover: and moreover (Greek is continuous not expressed in English)  Christ gave Himself in these five services makes the actual words plural that He serves His body from one to the other member, they are not gifts or offices to us.

Prophets: The Prophet (pro: before phetas: to say illuminate or shine)

some: the

moreover: and moreover (continuous)

Evangelist: The Evangelist (eu: good angello: message)


moreover: and moreover (Greek is continuous not expressed in English)

Pastor: The Shepherd (to guard)

some: the

moreover: and moreover (Greek is continuous not expressed in English)

Teacher: The Teacher (teach)

Here is what the context is saying, Christ is the gift to us that fills every part of the body (called out ones in Christ) and He is the empowered service as The Apostle, The Prophet, The Evangelist, The Shepherd and The Teacher that reaches through one member to another in Christ.  It Is Jesus doing the Service, not an office or gift that we do.  We yield as a new creation in Christ for His empowered service to function through us as he wills for equipping the saints.

Created on By Servant1

What is ministry

1 / 4

The New Testament uses the word gift (dereo) in Greek for Christ, Holy Spirit, Salvation, Grace, Eternal Life and Righteousness.  It is never used for spiritual gifts.  The word is not in I Corinthians 12:1 in the original language.  In the context of Romans 12, I Corinthians 12 and Ephesians 4 the word grace for manifestations, functions and workings of god through us not gifts to us.

2 / 4

I Timothy 3 English translation uses the word office for episkopos and deaconos, but it is not in the original Greek language.  In fact is used in English, it is not found in the original language of these other passages in the New Testament of Luke 1:9; Acts 1:20; Romans 12:4 or Hebrews 7:9, 22).  There is a word to look upon and function.  The rest were added in the English translations.  We do not have offices, we have one ministry the ministry of reconciliation.

3 / 4

II Corinthians 3 says that our ministry is the ministry of reconciliation.

4 / 4

Call of God comes from two Greek words:  Ek and Kaleo.  It means to call out of.  God calls us out of this World system and into the realm of the spirit in Christ.  Any one that calls on the name of the Lord will get salvation through faith.

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Course XVII: What Produces Faith

What is ministry
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